William J. Kraemer, Ph.D., FACSM, FNSCA:
Exercise Recovery: Mechanisms, Technology and Interventions
In exercise and sports competition, recovery from the associated stress is paramount for subsequent training or competition. The proverbial chase for understanding the processes as well as interventions to enhance this phenomenon has been the goal of research for over a half century. It has become well known that recovery is highly dependent upon the mechanisms that create a highly specific “fingerprint” of the “stressor” involving its disruption of structural and bioenergetic elements in the human organism. From neurological to morphological aspects, exercise and competitive stress presents a wide array of differential effects that can vary due to gender, training level, and genetics. Interventions including, training progressions, behavioral changes, nutritional, mechanical and neurological approaches have been studied to illuminate strategies for enhancing the recovery processes. This has provided today’s world of sports and exercise scientists even greater complexity in examining how to use this array of recovery technologies or “tools” when working with different populations of fitness enthusiasts and athletes. The use of multiple approaches and individualized needs have further complicated decision making procuresses. This lecture will take a look at this world of recovery physiology and some of the many decisions exercise and sports science professionals now have to consider when looking at this important area of practice in exercise and sports science.